Hallucinations at Nights
The perception of gustatory, visual, tactile, olfactory or auditory experiences are known as hallucinations. These usually occur due to excess drug abuse or mental disorders without external stimulus and sometimes, a person may have the sense of reality at times as well. This condition is usually experienced by many people during their sleep.
The medical term used for hallucinations is Parasomnia and is considered as one of the sleep disorders. Many experience hallucinations through the sense of sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. However, most of them experience or suffer from audio-visual hallucinations. This condition is categorized into two types and they are Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic hallucinations.
The condition of hallucination is seen in 1 in every 3 teenagers or young adults. The following are a few causes of this condition.
This condition is usually caused when a person faces difficulty in falling asleep. People can become insomniacs if they do not get enough sleep and if they worry too much about their condition. Insomnia can eventually result in causing hallucinations. Stress, emotional difficulties, underlying disease, or thinking too much can result in insomnia.
Disturbed Sleep and Exhaustion
Hallucinations can be caused when a person has disturbed sleep or when he/she wakes up at frequent intervals during sleep. Irregular breathing pattern or sleep apnea can cause disturbance while sleeping. Emotional, physical and sensory exhaustion can also result in hallucinations.
Excess Intake of Substances
Mescaline, ecstasy and LSD are considered as hallucinogens that can cause hallucinations while sleeping. Drugs like PCP and marijuana can also result in causing hallucinations. A person may suffer from regular episodes of this condition if he/she gets addicted to drugs.
Hallucinations in Adults
- This condition in adults may affect the tactile, visual, auditory and other senses.
- A person suffering from this condition may be agitated, angry, scared, disturbed and paranoid.
- Hallucinations in elderly people may lead to severe health conditions like brain cancer, kidney failure, Charles Bonnet Syndrome, sundown syndrome, emotional exhaustion and head injuries.
Hallucinations in Children
- This condition in children is also known as nonpsychotic psychopathology.
- Children may also suffer from hearing of knocking of the door or they may hear footsteps and sometimes, they have “Eidetic playmates”.
- Hallucinations can cause odd behavior, bizarre mood swings and social withdrawal of the child.