Snoring is a very common condition in children. In fact, it is estimated that between 3% and 12% of preschool age children snore.
Causes of snoring in children:
- Small jaw or small airway
- Enlarged tonsils and adenoids
- Nasal obstruction
- If the muscles and the nerves controlling the breathing process are not well, can cause snoring in children
- Poor weight gain
- High blood pressure
- Choanal atresia, a congenital closure of the back of the nose is also a major cause of snoring in children, which requires surgery for correction.
- Parental smoking is one of the major risk factor of snoring in smoking.
Itâ€™s okay if a child snores for a short period of time. But, if it continues for a long time parents should be aware of it because snoring can be associated with significant disruption of the quality of sleep and other underlying conditions that can affect the brain and the heart.
Continues snoring may be associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and other potential sleep disorders. If you see symptoms like loud snoring or noisy breathing during sleep, mouth breathing, restless sleep, nightmares, morning headaches, bed-wetting, difficulty performing at school, behavioral issues along with snoring, then immediately consult your doctor.
A 2005 study, conducted at the Chinese University in Hong Kong, found that 23% of snoring children had poor academic records compared to 13.5% of those who did not snore. The snorers were more likely to be bad tempered, with 35% having poor temper control, 75% higher than non-snorers.
Snoring may be an early indicator of asthma in children. A study in the journal Chest found that 40% of pre-school children who snored and then developed a nighttime cough were ultimately diagnosed with asthma.
Mild snoring is common and not necessarily a significant concern.Loud snoring or any signs of breathing difficulty while awake or asleep needs to be evaluated.